> Three modified Leander-class light cruisers: HMAS Hobart, Perth, and Sydney (8×6-in guns) > The older Town-class cruiser Adelaide, a Town class cruiser completed in Australia in 1923 > Four sloops: HMAS Parramatta, Swan, Warrego, Yarra (Clones of the Grimsby class, 1935) > Five V-class destroyers: Purchased on the stocks, dating back 1918. Admiral John Jellicoe was invited by the Australian government to make an assessment of it in 1919, and after three month wrote a report on the Naval Mission to the Commonwealth, which detailed the actual policies, possible objectives and recommendations for the whole Commonwealth naval assets in combination with the RN. The Town-class cruiser Adelaide was built in Australia, the last of the large “Town” class light cruisers of the Royal Navy. Indeed the RAN only comprised cruisers during the war, some six of them. Its presence was certain until 1913. The RAN may have been then the fourth, fifth or sixth world’s largest navy depending on the mode of counting tonnage by type (including auxiliaries). They were slow and poorly armed compared to contemporary destroyers, and set sail from Singapore in 1939 for the Mediterranean Sea, covering the allied evacuation after the battle of Greece in April 1941, or resupply the besieged Australian garrison of Tobruk, through the infamous “Bomb Alley” due to Axis air attacks. Further extension in possessions around Indonesia and south pacific chain islands would bring it right to Australia’s doorstep. They engaged three cruisers and several destroyers in a terrible night action (Battle of Sunda Strait) and were lost to “Long lance” torpedoes with high Casualties. From June 1940 she started escort convoys bound to Sri Lanka and South Africa. The flotilla was led by HMAS Stuart, and four V-class destroyers dating back fro the Great War and indeed not in good shape. These included European, Chinese and Islander women and children being sent south to Cairns, Townsville and Brisbane. HMAS Adelaide started with escort missions, later carrying a Free French governor to take possession of New Caledonia. On 10 July 1911, King George V granted it the title of “Royal Australian Navy”. So much so that both ships sank each others. This is a container category. In line with this, most Australian military units deployed overseas in 1940 and 1941 were sent to the Mediterranean and Middle Eastwhere they formed a key part of the Commonwealth forces in the area. For her first mission she departed with 254 mined on 30 July with HMAS Sydney, to the city of the same name to be fitted with 12 pdr HA/LA guns and a 28 foot survey motor boat. Operation Vigorous (Malta convoy) saw HMAS Nestor badly damaged and sunk by axis aviation. The Albatross was not satisfactory, she only can reach 22 knots and lacked a catapult so operating aircraft was a long and difficult affair. The RAN grew to very high levels, operating like the Canadian Navy at the end of the war some 350 ships of all sizes and type, doing her share in ASW warfare with 53 corvettes and many frigates, backed-up by 600 small auxiliary civilian vessels used to patrol the sea lanes and Australian coast. The four British destroyers retreated whereas HMAS Sydney and Havock closed in to engage fire. RAN sailors also participated in the Battle of the Coral Sea on board HMAS Hobart, Task Force 44. Late 1944, Nepal, Norman and Quiberon were transferred to the new British Pacific Fleet, taking part in the Battle of Okinawa. At launch they had the usual three twin mounts with 4.7-inch (120 mm) guns, a twin 4-inch (100 mm) mount, six single 20 mm Oerlikon AA and a single quadruple 2-pdr Bofors plus a single 21-inch (530 mm) quadruple torpedo tubes bank and two DCT with 46 depht charges in reserve. 8. These were contact mines launched from the stern of the ship. There are a total of [ 63 ] WW2 Australian … Ford Australia was already contacted in October 1939 to produce mine units and their shells and sinkers at Geelong. HMAS Camberra at King’s warf in Australia before the war. On 10 July 1911, King George Vgranted the title of "Royal Australian Navy". HMAS Albany (ACPB-86) Patrol Boat. Increasingly its commercial interests and their merchant fleets rose with traditional determination, perseverance and quiet bravery in striving for the objectives, on both the fighting and the home fronts, of the nation's victory in war and a return to their peacetime pursuits, 'occupying their business in great waters'. Three Tribal-class ships built in cockatoo NyD an used by the RAN. Argentinian Navy Brazilian Navy Chinese Navy Danish Navy Finnish Navy French Navy Hellenic Navy Royal Indian navy Italian Navy Imperial Japanese Navy German Navy Polish Navy Romanian Navy Sovietskaya Flota Spanish Armada Swedish Navy Dutch Navy Royal Canadian Navy Royal Navy Sjøforsvaret Thai Navy Turkish Navy US Navy Royal Yugoslav Navy Minor Navies. The government believed in the possibility of a Japanese invasion to some extent. They displaced 533 long tons, measured 41.14 m (135 ft 0 in) by 7.77 m (25 ft 6 in) in beam and a draught of 3.81 m (12 ft 6 in), for a top speed of 9.5 knots (17.6 km/h; 10.9 mph), a complement of 30 and armed with a single 12-pounder gun. The light cruiser Brisbane and three destroyers were still under construction, as well as the HMS Adelaide, plus a small fleet of auxiliary ships, quite a formidable force in the Pacific, although much smaller than the Japanese Imperial Navy. Their radar suite comprised the SG1, SG4, 285P4 and 253P. Amphibious warfare ships of Australia (en) Liens externes (en) « Current Ships », sur navy.gov.au (consulté le 19 novembre 2016). From December 1941, the RAN was more heavily engaged, and closer to home, which raised the stakes. Only weeks earlier the cruiser HMAS Sydney had been sunk by a German armed merchant ship off Western Australia. HMAS Camberra under the Sydney bridge in 1930. BY CONFLICT. Friends of the South Australian … Jozef Straczek : … 2005. We apologise if a ship you are particularly interested in is not on this list. On 15 December 1941 HMAS Nestor sank the U-127 off Cape St. Vincent, Portugal, avenging the Parramatta. They were part of the Commonwealth Government’s wartime shipbuilding programme. Admiral Jellicoe also helped to the Constitution of the Far East Imperial Fleet. It received Royal patronage by July 1911, but was referred to, from this moment, as the Royal Australian Navy (RAN). Parramatta and Yarra also operated there, the first firing and driving off two Italian destroyers as she escorted a convoy. HMNZS Monowai Ship’s log for Friday 16 January 1942 John Winton, The Forgotten Fleet, London: Michael Joseph, 1969, pp. This category has the following 2 subcategories, out of 2 total. The position of the RAN in the Indian Ocean was also recalled. They served with the newly created British-Australian component of the ABDACOM naval forces (American-British-Dutch-Australian) and the ANZAC Force. She was built in Australia and therefore due to considerable delays (hence her nickname “HMAS Longdelayed”) she missed the great war. They first entered service in 1980, and wi… Australian military units first deployed in 1885, to the Sudan and then in 1899 to 1902 to the Boer War. The first were built at Cockatoo shipyards, followed by many others: Broken Hill Pty Co Ltd, Walkers Limited, Evans Deakin & Company, HMA Naval Dockyard, Morts Dock & Engineering Co, Poole & Steeland State Dockyard. The Australian naval force took part in the Invasion of Lingayen Gulf in January 1945; during this operation, Australia was struck by a further five Kamikazes which killed 44 of her crew and forced her to withdraw for major repairs. There is no known order for a battleship, which would have been built in UK in any case as as the Washington treaty drew to a close, British yards were busy building the new generation of fast battleships for the Royal Navy and had no capacity to spare. Armed with BL 12-inch Mk XII guns (modernized mounts for more elevation), ten twin 4.5 in (114 mm) DP guns, four octuple QF 2-pdr Bofors, 26 Oerlikon 20 mm AA guns. both carried eight 8-inch (203 mm) guns in four twin turrets, were roomy ships which entered service in the 1920s. In total 1,100 convoys passed along home waters until 1945. HMAS Bungaree as renamed after an indigenous guide, and Aboriginal community leader playing a considerable role during the cartographic exploration of the Australian coastline in 1801-03. HMAS Australia entered service in 1928, and after training in home waters and some cruises in the Pacific she was deployed the Mediterranean station 1934-1936, during the Abyssinia Crisis. The Royal Australian Navy took part in multiple campaigns. She was attacked agains by Kamizaze and so severely damaged she spent the remainder of the war in repairs. The first task was capture many of Germany’s South Pacific colonies. During this month Australia (II) fired her first shot in World War II when she was attacked by an enemy bomber. Although there was little time for extra orders from UK, in September 1939 mobilization started and > Backbone: Two County-class heavy cruisers: HMAS Australia and Canberra (8×8-in guns, launched 1920s). 2014. Conway’s all the word’s fighting ships 1860-1905, 1906-1921, 1921-1947 //www.navy.gov.au/history/feature-histories/1939-1945-wwii //www.naa.gov.au/explore-collection/defence-and-war-service-records/royal-australian-navy-service-records //www.awm.gov.au/research/guide/ww2-ran //anzacportal.dva.gov.au/ //www.gunplot.net/shiplists/shiplistb.htm //www.battleforaustralia.asn.au/RANCorvettes.php //booksonwaraustralia.com/33-ran-world-war-2 //www.navalanalyses.com/2014/09/fleets-3-australian-navy-us-navy-royal.html?m=1 //www.navyhistory.org.au/royal-navy-colours-of-world-war-two-the-pattern-507s-g10-and/ //www.centenaryofanzac.tas.gov.au/history/royal_australian_navy //www.naval-history.net/xDKCas2500-RAN.htm //www.globalsecurity.org/military/world/australia/ran-ship-names.htm //navymuseum.co.nz/hmnzs-kiwi-moa-bird-class-corvettes/ //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMAS_Albatross_(1928) //navymuseum.co.nz/wwii-the-royal-new-zealand-navy-and-the-pacific-campaign-1941-1945/ //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/HMAS_Australia_(D84) //en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Category:World_War_II_naval_ships_of_Australia S. D. Waters, The Royal New Zealand Navy: Official History of New Zealand in the Second World War 1939-45, Wellington War History Branch Department of Internal Affairs, 1956, pp. They were part of the large Leander class cruisers, also built for the Royal Navy and the RNZN. The history of the Royal Australian Navy started really from the colonisation of Australia by the British in 1788 as the latter left a few Royal Navy ships in place. Like for Canada no aircraft carrier, even an escort one, was in RAN service. At a cost of A£250,000 per vessel, they were quite versatile, equipped with an asdic, and able to fitted with depth charges or minesweeping gear. Their career was spent between shore patrols, convoy escorts and some sweeps into the Mediterranean. Local pickup. Australian Ships. These Landing Ships Infantry were the HMAS Kanimbla, HMAS Manoora, and HMAS Westralia. HMAS Waterhen, one of the Australian vintage destroyers (AWM) This force was not really impressive but it grew rapidly in size, gaining another heavy cruiser in replacement of the Australia (HMS Shropshire) whereas two light cruisers were lost, three large “Tribal” class destroyers, three more (?unknown), so 11 total at the end of the war, but also many more auxiliary ships as seen below: Anti-submarine auxiliaries: 3 Auxiliary Minesweepers: 6 Minelayers : 1 Replenishment armed oilers: 1 Combat stores ships: 12 Repair ships: 3 Net laying ships: 10 Tugs: 6 Cable repair ships: 2 Survey ships: 9 Motor Launches: 33 Harbour Defence Motor Launched : 28 Air Sea Rescue vessels: 20 Auxiliary patrol boats: 75 Services reconnaissance: 8 Other vessels: 41, HMAS Sydney in her war paint in 1941 (AWM). The submersible was refitted in Sydney from 12 May and in June she was damaged by a torpedo explosion during the Attack on Sydney Harbour.. Officially she became HMAS K9 by after long repairs 22 June 1943. In Sydney during a Japanese midget submarine attack she escaped any damage. There will be a dedicated page on the topic of the RAN in the great war, also detailing the origin of the navy (XIXth century). Although she waited replacement by HMAS Perth, she found back in service at home on 1st September. “Q” class destroyers transferred in 1943-45 to the RAN. This expansion came with a serious build up of the naval force, reaching the point it outgunned the Royal Navy in the Pacific, and wen well beyond, even after the Washington treaty ban on capital ships. From mid-1940, the Admiralty requested the remainder of the RAN to be redeployed to the Mediterranean Sea as the RN had to fight both Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy. Until 1939 she served with the RAN, and visited New Zealand, Fiji, Hawaii, Canada and the USA. From 1930, lack of funds urged the relocation and reduction of the Royal Australian Naval College from Jervis Bay to Flinders Naval Depot in Victoria. On the eve of war with Japan in December 1941 the Royal Australian Navy (RAN) had only five heavy warships in home waters. "They that go down to the sea in ships, and occupy their business in great waters". 0 bids. She collided on her way back with the merchant ship SS Coptic and later deterred the Vichy sloop Dumont d’Urville to intervene. They were originally ordered to replace the three 1937 Bar-class boom defence vessels and designed by the Rear Admiral P. E. McNeil McNeil in February 1939. By February 1944 the corvettes HMAS Ipswich and Launceston and Indian sloop INS Jumna, sank the Ro-110 in the Bay of Bengal. These heavy cruisers has been laid down at John Brown & Company, Clydebank in 1925. When the second world war broke out, the focus of her naval policy as now limited the defence of trade protection. Juan Carlos I (L61) Amphibious Support Ship / Helicopter Carrier. 60 corvettes in all, including four cancelled and derived from the British Bangor class minesweepers (commonly known as corvettes), and ASW Corvettes manned by Australian crews and built in Australian shipyards. As the war in the Pacific escalates, the Japanese have already established a foothold in mainland China, Singapore and Indonesia. WW2 British Amphibious Ships and Landing Crafts; WW2 British Battleships; WW2 British Destroyers; York class cruisers; Rule Britannia. In 1940 they were already well-used and the crews well-experienced. In March 1942, Perth and Houston met important IJN forces whilst trying to sweep into the Sunda Strait bound to Tjilatjap. Lots of hole and difficulty to pinpoint single ships. AU $85.00 postage. HMAS Voyager was lost, followed by HMAS Armidale when trying to land Dutch soldiers off Betano. Only the closer ties between the fleets was retained. They saw heavy action in the Mediterranean and afterward in the Pacific. The RAN massive redeployment as requested, left open Australia to possible attack. If the Washington treat was not applied to this battlecruiser, this is probably the look of the ship if maintained in service and modernized in 1940-42. Italian destroyers were spotted the following day in the evening and a battle erupted. In 1941 the IJA launched its offensive and the K IX was by then out of commission but was reactivated in emergency in March 1942. These attacks ceased in July 1942. At that time they came as a relied as the RN had only five cruisers in the Med. It is dedicated to mercantile mariners who, across the ages, have carried the world's goods from producer to user, but in particular it is intended as a tribute to all the Merchant Seamen who served in the 1939-1945 conflict, and indeed universally and especially to those who did not return, those who have no known grave but the depths of the oceans. They had been built as civilian steamers, requisitioned converted first as armed merchant cruisers in 1939. Immigrant Ships Transcribers Guild World War II Refugees to Australia. They were quite active. The Australians used it for ASW training. 9. Australian troops took indeed a major role in the North African Campaign, and the Mediterranean was the first major theatre of operation for the RAN. HMAS Abraham Crijnssen: An ex-Dutch Minesweeper, refugee in Sydney when Java fell. A 6-inch gun was removed as well as the field gun and old AA gun, plus the obsolete torpedo tubes and 4-in AA guns were installed alongside a new Fire-control system. It will provide for some recollections and diary records of experiences of the people who crewed them and it acknowledges the allies alongside whom they served. Crusiers. 98-99. In decades since, the advances in technology, particularly in aviation, and the reduced size of wars have lessened the present and perhaps potential call for merchant shipping in emergencies. However from September 1939, the British Admiralty and the Australian Commonwealth Naval Board ordered the deployment of the RAN Destroyer Flotilla in the Mediterranean as requested. Sydney: Navy Public Affairs, 1996. Apart HMAS Nestor, sunk by a Stuka in the Mediterranean in June 1942, the others were returned to UK in 1945. Her final cost was 1,271,782 pounds, and her armament profited from wartime experience. For the rest of her carrer see the complete article on navy.gov.au. In south-east Asia, RAN afterwards was forced to operate autonomously and later teamed up with USN task forces as circumstances required. After Japan invaded the Dutch East Indies, three Dutch vessels were handed to Australia for operations. HMAS Barcoo – credits https://www.navy.gov.au/. The RAN operated off Timor from February 1942. Later she started escorts from Fremantle, to the Indian Ocean. Australia would also acquire two Battle class destroyers, which were modernized and serve until 1972-75, four Daring class destroyers, until the 1980s, and like Germany, acquired three Charles F Adams class guided missile destroyers (Perth class) in 1965-67. Also in the Red sea, from early 1943, eight Australian built Bathurst-class corvettes initially based in the Indian Ocean sailed to Alexandria via the Suez canal for Operation Husky (The landings of Sicily). These merchant ship papers have been scanned from the original documents and are posted in PDF format. Baxter & Haberfield reports 1946 – Baxter Personal Collection ref. She operated from January 1942 from home waters to the Indian Ocean. Five were lost in operations and two preserved as museum ships as for today. Four sloops, Parramatta, Swan, Warrego, and Yarra. On 27 June 1940, Admiral Cunningham ordered the 7th Cruiser Squadron (HMAS Sydney and other ships) to meet a convoy to Egypt, transiting near Cape Matapan. Logs include information on: 1. the voyages undertaken by vessels 2. any incidents occurring on board during tours of duty 3. the design, construction and maintenance of vessels The National Archives holds: 1. ships' logs from 1855 onwards, in a number of series 2. records on design, construction and maintenance (including ships' drawings an… Soon, action of the RAN against Italy bore fruits: On 12 June 1940, the Armed Merchant Cruiser HMAS Manoora chased for hours the Italian freighter Romolo (9,780 tons) and forced it to scuttle south-west of Nauru. She joined TF 44, and participated to the Guadalcanal Campaign, taking part in the battle of Tulagi. It was structured around a single battlecruiser, three light cruisers, six destroyers and three submarines. However no battleship ever served under Australian colors. Design by 123 2 WEB Index Download ; 1 : A1 to AB1474 : PDF (5.92 MB) 2 : A.B. HMAS Camberra was commissioned in 1928, alternating between deployments in home waters and China Station. Interception course led to a mutual discovery at 15.00, 9 July 1940. At the Battle of Savo Island in August 1942 the RAN lost HMAS Canberra, heavy cruiser, starting off Guadalcanal and the gunfire damage was so bad the ship had to be abandoned and was scutted by torpedoes a day after to avoid capture. This created a sense of security for the Australian government known as the Ten Year Rule, with the downside for the RAN of acute defence budget cuts, which were merely following the international trend. https://www.navy.gov.au/fleet/ships-boats-craft/available-ship-histories. During the Australian-led United Nations peacekeeping mission to East Timor in 1999 known as INTERFET, the RAN deployed a total of 16 ships to the mission: HMA Ships Adelaide, Anzac, Balikpapan, Brunei, Darwin, Farncomb, Jervis Bay, Labuan, Success, Sydney, Tarakan, Tobruk, Waller, Westralia, Newcastle and Melbourne. In this website, brief notes on individual ships called for particular wartime duty and others which became casualties are linked with their owner companies' outline histories. Ending Today at 17:40 AEDST 7h 6m. After Pearl Harbor the IJN successfully eliminated the amalgamated allied forces, centered around the British, adding the Dutch, Australians and Americans. It was formed as a separate squadron as first, with a collection of ships, but stayed all-year round in Australia. This was corrected on the next Arethusa class light cruisers. 538. Our sources include the logs and reports of proceedings. She later patrolled around New Guinea, and later Malaysia and Java. WW2 Australian Army Brigadier General's Uniform Slouch Hat 1941 Hatcraft Pty Ltd. 20 more were built on Admiralty order, manned and commissioned by the RAN. The RAN from 1920 knew a decade of reduction in size due to a political apathy and the economic collapse and its consequences in 1929. Five V-class destroyers, HMAS Vampire, Vendetta, Voyager, Waterhen arrived in 1933, remaining in service in WW2 had their aft torpedo tubes bank removed and replaced by a 12pdr AA gun plus 2-4 x 20mm Oerlikon guns plus four 0.5in AA heavy machine guns. Se went on escorting vessels from Fremantle until the fall of 1944, was decommissioned on 26 February 1945 and became naval base tender until May 1946, sold for BU three years later. Four were built by Todd Pacific Shipyards in Seattle, Washington while the final two were built by AMECON in Williamstown, Victoria. On 7 July, an allied fleet departed Alexandria to Malta, spotting an Italian fleet 500 miles away. Among the longest serving merchant ships on the Queensland coast run was the AUSN Company steamer Ormiston. Military naval warships and submarines throughout the history of Australia. Until December 1941, the RAN assumed the liaison between Australia and Singapore and the Mediterranean via the Indian Ocean and red sea. Centaur departed Sydney and was torpedoed … Australia, the nation continent, should remember its history. Teddy Sheean, which operated an Oerlikon gun sank with the ship while firing and was awarded posthumously. The USN honored her by naming a Baltimore-class cruiser in construction, while the British Government approved the transfer of HMS Shropshire as a replacement, by 20 April 1943. They served first in the Mediterranean, the Red Sea and the Persian Gulf, in fact on the way to the Indian Ocean, or the West African coast. She was sent to the eastern Atlantic searching for German ships and for Operation Menace (the battle of Dakar). Due to its scope, it should contain only subcategories: Subcategories. A standalone post will be done on the topic. Comprised the HMAS Quiberon, Quality, Queenborough, Quickmatch, and Quadrant. In November 1942 she teamed up with HNLMS Jacob van Heemskerk and two Australian corvettes as escorts and spotted the German blockade runner Ramses, which scuttled. Ships in Fleet. From mid-1941, she started hunting patrols, tracking down auxiliary cruisers and commerce raiders. Commissioned at Garden Island, Sydney, under Norman Calder on 9 June 1941 her first trip started ten days later, and she was posted to Geelong. The Australian Government supported the continuance of the 1902 Anglo-Japanese Alliance and a stronger alliance with New Zealand. Unfortunately with the 1929 crisis, this was never carried out. The coastal freighter Bungaree was seized and set for conversion from 10 October 1940 in Sydney. The Australian Government started to worry about the Japanese expansionist policies right after the Great war. RAN ships were also often seen in the Red Sea, starting from August 1940, to support British Somaliland invaded by the Italians. HMAS Toowoomba (FFH-156) Guided-Missile Frigate Warship. HMAS Ping Wo: Repair ship/Stores ship HOME. HMAS Arunta was launched in november 1940, Warramunga in February 1942 and Bataan in January 1944. The Australian Squadron was soon placed under control of the British Admiralty, receiving a pressing request of transfer. 5. Specs as “J” class ships. This website details the ships involved and the corporations that owned them. K.IX was ordered in the Netherlands, on 27 June 1917, was launched on 23 December 1922 and commissioned into the Royal Netherlands Navy on 21 June 1923. But the souvernir of these attacks left a deep mark into the psyche of the Australian public. Apart HMAS Quality which was BU in 1958 the three others were modernized as Type 15 ASW Frigates and served until the 1970s. Achilles and Leander went to the RNZN, HMS Ajax, HMS Neptune and HMS Orion went to the RN and the remainder three, Apollo, Amphion and Phaeton were renamed Perth, Hobart and Sydney. LARGE COLLECTION OF NAVY SHIP TALLY BAND HAT CAP FRAMED LOT OF 74 WW2 & AFTER. These subs went as far as shelling Sydney and Newcastle. From 1939, Royal Australian Ships operated as part of Royal Navy formations. HMAS Australia(ii), Shropshire, Arunta, and Warramunga indeed participated first-hand to the fighting, HMAS Australia even becoming the first allied ship hit by a Kamikaze. Later HMAS Arunta sank the Japanese Kaichu type submarine RO-33, off Port Moresby (August 1942). The fleet was based in Singapore, including capital ships and aircraft carriers. They saw the reddition of Japan on 2 September 1945. In practice they were used as versatile base vessels and not amphibious operations. Australia’s naval policy has been defined in the 1911 Henderson Recommendations of (by Sir Reginald Henderson). The control, effective from 10 August was still active until 19 August 1919. Many were therefore available in September 1939, soon converted as merchant armed cruisers, with extra guns and military crews. HMAS Australia took part in the British Commonwealth Occupation Force in Japan and was a training ship in 1950, decommissioned in 1954, sold in 1955. During World War I, the RAN was initially responsible for capturing many of Germany's South Pacific colonies and protecting Australian shipping from the German East Asia Squadron. The second World war II merchant ship off Western Australia, the Marine Nationale cover operations, later by., Singapore and the corporations that owned them of other priorities was never carried out deterred the sloop... 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